Ticket Voting
Identification of Voter Choice:  Portraits

1860 Democratic ticket, Virginia

Courtesy of the Huntington Library

The 1860 Virginia ticket for Breckenridge and Lane strongly resembled the 1856 ticket, except of course the candidates were Buchanan and Breckenridge. Strong powerful images dominate ticket, produced this time by lithographers Hoyer and Ludwig, two German printers who would print securities and notes for the Confederacy. Ludwig had worked for Ritchie and Dunnavant before joining Hoyer in 1860 and may have been involved in the 1856 ticket design. The layout is similar; the Party principles are the same, until the fateful last point: “Equal protection to Citizens Native and Naturalized and to every species of Property.” There was only one meaning of that “Property”: slaves.

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